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Citations help to justify funding from the agencies that support TCIA, and are what allow us to provide this data to the public free of charge. Please note that some collections have special restrictions on their use. They are outlined on the Data Usage Policies and Restrictions page.

In addition, we would like to list your publications on our web site. If you have utilized TCIA in your research, please contact us at so at so we can include your work on our Related Publications page.

General Acknowledgments

In addition to citing specific content, please include the following sentence in the acknowledgement section of your work any time you are using TCIA in some way:


For any manuscript developed using data from The Cancer Imaging Archive


please cite the following publication:

Clark K, Vendt B, Smith K, Freymann J, Kirby J, Koppel P, Moore S, Phillips S, Maffitt D, Pringle M, Tarbox L, Prior F. The Cancer Imaging Archive (TCIA): Maintaining and Operating a Public Information Repository, Journal of Digital Imaging, Volume 26, Number 6, December, 2013, pp 1045-1057. (paper)

Referencing Primary Datasets (TCIA Collections)

If you are discussing a collection from TCIA in general, we suggest pointing to the corresponding page our Collection Wiki and following typical guidelines for citing a web page. Each collection's wiki page may also contain special acknowledgements specific to that particular collection. If you are analyzing the data as part of a research project in which others may wish to download the exact same set of images you've used, we highly encourage you to create a shared list as outlined in the next section.

Citing specific subsets of TCIA data used in your publication with Digital Object Identifiers

We highly recommend the using TCIA's Digital Object Identifier (DOI) functionality for citing the use of our data in publications. Citing the specific data you used in your manuscript will help address growing concerns among the community relating to transparency and reproducibility of biomedical research.  Our DOI system makes this easy to do and even provides a special web page for your DOI where researchers can go to download all of the data related to your publication without having to search for it in TCIA.  For general questions or help with creating a DOI for your next manuscript please contact TCIA's help desk.TCIA be sure to cite the Digital Object Identifier (DOI) for the data rather than citing the wiki page URL.  Consult the Citation & Data Usage Policy tab found on each Collection's summary page to learn more about how it should be cited and any usage restrictions.  For some collections, there may also be additional papers that should be cited listed in this section.  Here is a screenshot showing where to find the DOI and data usage policy on each collection page:

The citation panel on the CT Lymph Node collection page.Image Added

Referencing analyses of TCIA Data

To enhance the value of TCIA collections for future research we encourage the community to publish analysis datasets to augment our primary datasets. Potential data types of interest include analysis results such as tumor segmentations, radiomics features, derived/reprocessed images, and radiologist assessments.  A directory of such data is available on our TCIA Analysis Results page.  Information about how to cite these data are included at the top of each page as shown in the screenshot below:

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