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Clark K, Vendt B, Smith K, Freymann J, Kirby J, Koppel P, Moore S, Phillips S, Maffitt D, Pringle M, Tarbox L, Prior F. The Cancer Imaging Archive (TCIA): Maintaining and Operating a Public Information Repository, Journal of Digital Imaging, Volume 26, Number 6, December, 2013, pp 1045-1057. (paper)

Referencing Primary Datasets (TCIA Collections)

If you are discussing a collection from TCIA be sure to cite the Digital Object Identifier (DOI) for the data rather than citing the wiki page URL.  Consult the Citation & Data Usage Policy tab found on each Collection's summary page to learn more about how it should be cited and any usage restrictions.  For some collections, there may also be additional papers that should be cited listed in this section.  Here is a screenshot showing where to find the DOI and data usage policy on each collection page:

The citation panel on the CT Lymph Node collection page.


Referencing analyses of TCIA


We also support creating custom Digital Object Identifiers (DOIs) for citing the data you've used in publications. Creating a DOI which consists of the exact subjects and scans you used in your manuscript will help address growing concerns among the community relating to the transparency and reproducibility of biomedical research.  After creating your DOI you will receive a unique web URL for your DOI where researchers can go to easily download all of the data related to your publication without having to search for it in TCIA.  For general questions or help with creating a DOI for your next manuscript please contact TCIA's help desk.  You can request your DOI and see examples of existing manuscript-based DOIs on our TCIA Analysis Results page.


To enhance the value of TCIA collections for future research we encourage the community to publish analysis datasets to augment our primary datasets. Potential data types of interest include analysis results such as tumor segmentations, radiomics features, derived/reprocessed images, and radiologist assessments.  A directory of such data is available on our TCIA Analysis Results page.  Information about how to cite these data are included at the top of each page as shown in the screenshot below:

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