Clinical data from CPTAC-3 are now being made available through an API hosted by ESAC. This is documented in detail at https://clinicalapi-cptac.esacinc.com/api/tcia/. Data are provided in JSON, which is a file format commonly used by software developers for data interchange. Most data scientists and statisticians should already be familiar with this type of file, but for users who are not familiar working with JSON, we are providing a few examples of ways to access this data.
- Your Browser will display the interface differently:
- Firefox (recommended)
- Edge (and notepad++)
- Safari (and sublime text or oxygenxml)
- You may
- view the data online (Firefox) in human-readable format
- download to your local machine for viewing and analysis
View JSON files in Firefox
Open Firefox and navigate to one of our CPTAC collection pages (e.g. CPTAC-CCRCC) and click the blue download button for the Clinical Data API:
Click the Raw Data button at the top of the page, and then click Pretty Print. This will arrange the data in a way that is more human-readable.
Online JSON to CSV conversion tools
There are a number of free online tools such as https://json-csv.com/ which will convert between JSON and CSV, which can be viewed in most spreadsheet applications like Excel. After the page loads simply paste in the URL for the cancer type you were trying to access, e.g. https://clinicalapi-cptac.esacinc.com/api/tcia/clinical_data/tumor_code/UCEC.
For Edge browser, and Notepad++ editor:
Open Notepad++. From the Plugins menu click "Plugins Admin" then type JSON into the search bar, you should see "JSON viewer" as an option. Click install.
Go to the Plugins Menu. Click JSON Viewer, and open your file. There is a tree-view at left and colored view in the main window.
Loading JSON files into Excel
The following guide has been prepared for researchers who are not used to working with JSON data or APIs. By following these steps you will be able to view the data in newer versions of Excel via the "Power Query" or "Get and Transform" feature.
Excel 2010 and Excel 2013 for Windows
Power Query is a free add-in that can be downloaded here: Download the Power Query add-in. Once enabled, Power Query functionality is available from the Power Query tab on the ribbon.
To generate the JSON file:
- For Chrome Browser:
- Right-click anywhere in the in the middle of the page and select “Save as…” and save the file in your desired location
- For Edge Browser you cannot save directly, there are more steps:
- Right-click anywhere in the in the middle of the page and select "Select all"
- then right-click again, click “Copy”
- "Paste" the contents of the file into an editor, for example "Notepad++",
- Give your new file a new name
- as file type JSON
- Click Save.
- For Firefox browser:
- Click on “Save” near the top left corner of the page and save the file in your desired location
Load and Convert the JSON Clinical Data file into an Excel Sheet (Office 365)
- Open a blank Excel sheet in Office 365
- From the main menu, select “Data”
- From the “Get Data” drop down menu, select “From File”, then “From JSON” **if you can't, see below for custom query
- Select your CPTAC JSON file from the directory where you saved it previously.
- From the power query editor select “To Table” from the main menu.
- In the table window, keep the delimiter and extra column selections as shown below and click on “ok.”
- Click on the expansion arrow icon next to the “Column1” header, then click on “load more” at the bottom of the column header list to ensure all columns are selected.
- Uncheck the box next to “Use original column name as prefix”
- Click on “ok” after the full list has loaded and “ok” again to load all columns into the table.
- Note: The “specimens” column has a sub-level with specimen-related column headings (specimen id, slide id, etc) which prevent it from showing up without additional processing. We recommend simply deleting this column.
- Note: You can also use the Microsoft Excel Query Editor to create formulas to connect to JSON files. If you don't see the Get Data → From JSON button, you can go to New Query > From Other Sources > Blank Query, then go to Advanced Editor and input your custom query string, then follow the other instructions above to convert from the json file to the tabular format.
Source = Json.Document(File.Contents("C:\Users\Name\Desktop\CPTAC-AML-download.json")), #"Converted to Table" = Record.ToTable(Source)
#"Converted to Table"
Save As Excel Worksheet
- After you have customized the table, select “Close and Load”
- Then click on "File", and "Save" to save as an Excel document