A total of 2986 subjects, with breast sizes and radiographic densities representative of a screening population and compressed thicknesses from 3.5 to 6 cm, were simulated and imaged on in-silico versions of DM and DBT systems using fast Monte Carlo x-ray transport. Images were interpreted by a computational reader detecting the presence of lesions. The in-silico trial (VICTRE) was designed to replicate a comparative trial from a previous regulatory submission. The endpoint was the difference in area under the receiver-operating-characteristic curve between modalities (delta-AUC) for lesion detection. Using a fully-crossed design, VICTRE was sized for a standard error (SE) of 0.01 in delta-AUC, half the uncertainty seen in the comparative trial.
Expensive and lengthy clinical trials delay regulatory evaluation of innovative medical technologies affecting patient access to high-quality medical products. Sophisticated simulation tools are increasingly being used in device development, but are rarely used in regulatory applications. We investigate a new paradigm for evaluating digital breast tomosynthesis (DBT) as a replacement for digital mammography (DM), using exclusively in-silico methods.
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Please be sure to include the following citations in your work if you use this data set:
Badano A, Graff CG, Badal A, Sharma D, Zeng R, Samuelson FW, Glick S, Myers KJ. The VICTRE Trial: Open-Source, In-Silico Clinical Trial for Evaluating Digital Breast Tomosynthesis. 2018.
(2018) doi: (Coming Soon)
Clark K, Vendt B, Smith K, Freymann J, Kirby J, Koppel P, Moore S, Phillips S, Maffitt D, Pringle M, Tarbox L, Prior F. The Cancer Imaging Archive (TCIA): Maintaining and Operating a Public Information Repository, Journal of Digital Imaging, Volume 26, Number 6, December, 2013, pp 1045-1057. (paper)
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