how to cite one of TCIA DOIs in a paper. The site http://crosscite.org/citeproc/ can create the citation in the accepted format for most major publishers if you type in the DOI you found within TCIA.
Please note that in keeping with FAIR—Findable, Accessible, Interoperable, Reusable purposes, a DATASET DOI will link to research data however a PUBLICATION DOI will point at a journal article, conference proceeding, or other publication . The Data Object Identifier may have the same title for both but look quite different for one than the other.
This is a guide for citing TCIA information.
For sharing new primary data with TCIA, see http://www.cancerimagingarchive.net/primary-data/
For sharing new analyses or results with TCIA based on data you've downloaded from TCIA, see http://www.cancerimagingarchive.net/analysis-results/